# Percentage Problems- Aptitude Questions and Answers ## Percentage Problems- Aptitude Questions and Answers:-

This is aptitude on Percentage Problems Question and answers with explanation for different interviews and competitive and entrance exams.

1) What fraction is equal to 37 1/2 % ?
A) 2/5
B) 1/8
C) 3/8
D) 5/8

```Answer: Option B
Explanation:
= 37 1/2%
= 75/2 * 1/100
= 1/8
```

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2) Express 5/8 as a rate percent.
A) 62 1/2%
B) 37 1/2%
C) 67 1/2%
D) 27 1/2%

```Answer: Option B
Explanation:
=  5/8  * 100
=  62 1/2 %
```

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3) A man earns Rs. 350 in a month and spends 70% of his income.How much does he save in a year?
A) 1260
B) 1160
C) 1140
D) 1380

```Answer: Option A
Explanation:
Man earning money = Rs. 350
Month saving  = 100% - 70%
=  30 % of earning money
= 350 * 30/100
= Rs. 105

Saving for year = 105 * 12
= 1260
```

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4) A student has to score 33% marks to pass. How gets 57 mareks and fails by 75 marks. What is the maximum number of marks?
A) 500
B) 300
C) 600
D) 400

```Answer: Option D
Explanation:

Pass percentage = 33%
Pass marks = 57 + 75
= 132
Total marks = 100%
= 132/33 * 100
= 400
```

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5) The population of a town is increased from 70,000 to 71,050. What is percentage increase?
A) 2.5
B) 3.5
C) 1.5
D) 4.5

```Answer: Option C
Explanation:

Increased population = 71050-70000
= 1050
Increased percentage = (Increased population / initial population ) * 100
= (1050 / 70000) * 100
= 1.5
```

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## S.B.I asking Questions on Percentage problems:-

6) The population of a town is 4500. 11/18th of them are males and rest females. 40% of the males are married. Find the percentage of married females.
A) 62 6/7%
B) 62 3/4%
C) 62 1/4%
D) 62 1/2%

```Answer: Option A
Explanation:

Population of town = 4500
Males     = 4500 * (11/18)
= 2750
Females = 4500 *(7/18)
=1750
Married Males = 2750 * 40 %
= 2750 * (40/100)
= 1100
Males , Females are in one town. They definently marry females in that town.
So married females  = 1100.
Percentage of married  females = (1100/1750) * 100
= 62 6/7 %
```

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7) When 40 % of a number is added to 42, the result is the number itself.. What is the value of the number?
A) 50
B) 90
C) 70
D) 40

```Answer: Option C
Explanation:

Let that number 100 % then
42 + 40% of (100%) = 100%
42 + 40% = 100%
60% = 42
Then number = 100 % = (42/60) * 100
= 70
```

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8) When 60 is subtracted from 60% of a number , the result is 60. What is the number?
A) 600
B) 200
C) 400
D) 500

```Answer: Option B
Explanation:

60% of (100%) -60 = 60
60% = 120
Then number 100 %   = (120/60) * 120
= 200
```

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9) If the salary of A is 25% less than the salary of B, then the salary of B is what percent more than A’s?
A) 25%
B) 12 1/2%
C) 37 1/2%
D) 33 1/3%

```Answer: Option D
Explanation:

Let  B's salary 100
A's salary = 100 -100 * (25/100)
= 75
Required percentage = (25/75) * 100
= 33 1/3 %
```

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10) Abhi had RS4800 with her 2 years ago. It the first year she added 20% to that amount and in the second year she added 25% more to that amount. Find the total amount with her at present.
A) Rs7200
B) Rs6800
C) Rs5900
D) Rs6500

```Answer: Option A
Explanation:

= X +Y + (XY/100)
= 20 + 25 + (20*25 / 100)
= 50%
Original amount = 100%
= 4800
New amount = 100 + 50%
= 150%
= (4800/100) * 150
= 7200
```

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